| Welcome to SSD cloning tricks. (way's
means, history, pitfalls, etc) REDUX (more free stuff, makes less work)
My "SSD" Solid State Drive (disk install) log. My first clone is to the very first 30GB SSD, with 1TB second HDD (for all programs, data, games, etc) ' still running after many years. (and still just 1/2 full)
Do I need windows 7 , 8 or 10? for SSD's?
Sure that is best, as the OS detects SSD and just works. (my Vista LT, runs Sandisk app that makes trim work on VISTA, as does Samsung)
I have it working on Vista (fully updated) on a DELL D520. (2006 built)
Trim, is needed.
Most SSD now , today are 120GB or bigger,
The 120GB is only like $45 , unlike my first, at 5 time$ that.
See GPT horrors here.
If you need more space, use 2 drives, you can even install apps to the extra drive, all install programs, ask where to put ME. (E: is answer, not C:/, where D: is DVD rom drive)
Tools on hand to CLONE,
I use now, the great program called (free) Partition Wizard 9.1 or newer. It has a clone button and works perfectly.
If the current HDD is dead, and hopeless, just install Windows to the new SSD and you are done, skip this whole page.
The old HDD was say, 500GB (mines 1TB)
That sure will not fit the new SSD , I bet.
Tools, and ways... short list...
Cloning way 1: (if the new SSD is 250GB to 1GB +, most of this is not necessary, Just run any cloner, and be done with it.)
Microsoft OS supports Shrink.
With Disk manager , shrink mode. (right click partition , select "shrink" but you need to shut off 3 things first before shrink works best (hibernate,swap and restore space)
The larger the new SSD the less work it takes to shrink , if at all.
PREP 1A: Skip all this, if the SSD is plenty big. 256GB+ and the HDD size is less than the SSD at get go.. Just clone the old HDD to SSD.
Information, Tricks , hints and other good related facts.
TRIM is not an issue on Windows 7 64bit on up, it's all automatic. forget trim, it works for free out of the box. Win7 and all WIN8 and 10.
Steam GAME MOVE ,is here !
Super easy it is.. read this...
ISO stick boot makers. Will take any MS ISO install and make a working bootable USB stick in a jiffy.
RUFUS (bootable install USB flash sticks, from, ISO)
GPT (uEFI) horrors: This real and forever on all new systems. The New rules.
The new rules, are that "they" do not want you to boot to alternate media. (they, now assume it's all infected, floppy, CD, DVD and boot sticks)
No more simple MBR partitions, and now a Secure boot on by default.
If doing a fresh install you can switch back to the OLD MBR system. On top brand desktops you can turn off uEFI too.
It's not hard to learn these new set of rules.
Windows 7 (32bit) its hopeless for GPT , see this page?
That means the windows 7- 32bit install disks, (setup.exe) will not find , GPT pre-formatted disks of any kind. But 64bit WIN 7- 10 anything DOES !.
(I never assume it's a new erased disk with no partitions, I look first, using a Windows 8 Desktop, even better is the Live good CD with Gparted)
There are 3 paths here , do a fresh install of Windows 8.1 (or W10 is now free for 1 year, see in show up in win upgrade on my win 7 laptop)
or use Farstone drive clone workstation 11 (advanced) find a Cloner that does GPT correctly (uEFI too)
On NEW PC's we press the uEFI (new nave for old BIOS now) hot key ,function key , per PC's operators guide.
Be sure to set BIOS to Secure boot (UEFI option) off , first. (we need to boot to alternate media to do SERVICE)
Then install, as you see fit, MBR (legacy) or GPT new wave. On older PC's (2010 and older?, update the BIOS (uEFI) NOW ! many were buggy..then, not now...
Update the BIOS first , some MOBO's the newer update actually adds full new uEFI support on older MOBO's. (from none at all)
UEFI adds Support for drives larger than 2.2 terabytes (TB).
Windows 7 (32b) has no support for uEFI , avoid 32bit anything. or upgrade to at least W7 to 10, 64bit.
It's your computer , you can decide to not run UEFI. at any time. if it's too much pain.
Microsoft (shock) has vast resources to read on this topic, and I highly recommend that. Here ?
Some pages at MS are/were contradictory but the truth is a GPT disk is child's play to put back to MBR disk. Seen HERE!
See converter here.
They (MS) assumed the owner is an idiot and does not own or does not know how to flip the BIOS (UEFI) to legacy mode, All modern BIOS allow you to do that. (secure boot off) and UEFI OFF !
Ah, but some laptops fail to allow going to old MBR system or to turn off secure boot. (click the BIOS hot key and see what it can or can not do)first.
See parted magic, this is a free tool.
See the why GPT is inviable below , GOTCHA.
GPT .... Gotcha's: GPT is a new Disk Partitioning format. (that confuses many, even veterans)
GPT is only recognized by EFI/UEFI based firmware.
For compatibility with BIOS based peripherals and operating systems, UEFI firmware can also read the MBR partitioning scheme.
Most new systems I can build them setup with MBR only. and do....
The new rules (not bypassed easy) will block all NONE NORMAL BOOTING Methods, (USB sticks, CD, DVD, Floppy) by DESIGN.
If you buy a preformatted GPT disk, most old systems can't even see it (see why here). Do not buy pre-formatted disk's, or just erase it your self FIRST.
But windows, can make this harder.
The Windows (unlike Linux) install disc's are notorious for not SEEING foreign partitions and formats.
Best solution is to use a Parted magic boot CD and look first ! Then erase all you see there, make the new disk UNASSIGNED . (delete and erase all partitions seen on any new SSD or HDD)
SETUP.EXE horror's : "Microsofts installer" (learned after many years)
The disk looks dead or missing?
These microsoft setup.exe programs are notoriously dumb, they do not see any alien partitions or formats. (unlike the smarter Linux O.S, can...)
It will not see, Apple APM/HFS or Linux partitions , at all, and many windows install disk are blind to GPT discs. (Try a 64bit version yet?)
If the BIOS is set to full bore, UEFI, then the install.exe is now blind to old MBR disks (by DESIGN) This saves some users from damaging some old MBR Disk full of DATA..
The cure is simple , use tools that are NOT BLIND (parted magic or any top new partitioning tools (applications))
The setup program will not see the disc if the disc is preformatted, this is to save you from erasing data;.
This was dumb of Microsoft, It should show what is there, then block you..., ("pre-formatted old formatted data, ,stop now do not erase this data,, not showing the disk missing, what silly, show it grayed out... dah?")
There are many reasons for new disks to show up missing, for example running an old OS using a new OS, partitioned disk. (how can a old OS, look into the future, answer, IT CAN'T)
Using Windows OS (whatever) on a APPLE or Linux, preformatted disk.
Or now the new way, using and OS/BIOS setup for uEFI and looking at a preformatted MBR disk, it's now MISSING in action (LOL). (only in their dreams)
Why is GPT disks invisible to old systems? "it's called a protective MBR"
Answer: In the infinite wisdom of the uEFI and GPT designers, they ASS-U-ME ,your disk has data on it, and don't want the OS or setup.exe to scramble it!
If the new HDD is pre-formatted, then erase all partitions and bingo, it now installs on all systems. (read the SSD box, it will say pre-formatted for Windows 8 or Apple, or like mine no such words)
I think the new drive makers gets 90% (so called) returns, just from this simple cause. (silly huh?)
There are like a zillion boot CDs for doing "mil spec , HDD secure erasures" or run DBAN. (or just delete all partitions, in fact you can run any major partition tool and do the same)
Or plug the new drive in to any system that runs, and run MS disk manager and erase or initialize the new disk. Get it to show un-assigned, but present.
Please do not send the HDD or SSD back to the seller or the maker, plug it in to any working system, as the 2nd drive and nuke all partitions on it, now. (use windows 8 or newer is best)
Or use a boot CD. (even live Linux can delete any partitions)
I buy my drives, slick of formats of any kind, nor cables or any other accessories.
(the Drive maker has no idea where, you will put such a device, unless stated on the box? yes, read the box.)
Many things use HDD (or SSD) even game boxes and cars now.. space ships, who freakn knows?. (and vast other things that are not really Computers ?, as you see them...)
They make HDD and SSD (devices) to fit vast numbers of THINGS. (not JUST PC's)
When I say they, I mean SeaGate, or Crucial SSD makers.etc.
What always works? All the above, is for problematic older systems.
I just did a (SSD clone) on a 4 year old Laptop for my friend, 2015
The HP DV6 Laptop + Windows 7 + 500GB HDD. 64bit OS. NO GPT tricks. (after this example , I did ever PC I own. 4 laptops, and 3 Desktops)
New SSD 256GB. Crucial.
Here are the simple steps. (better is here)
Make sure all disks and all partitions have names, (volume labels, and the new SSD too... plug it in and type in a label) (preventing disk , mix up's, and LOST DATA !)
Please note if you buy or get for free advanced partition tools, you may be able to skip steps 6 to 13, as the tool may do this automatically.
Which one is best?, is a moving target now. (but I can't beat free, easy , pretty fast and works) No need for boot CDs or other pains. No stinking LICENSES !!!
Other Cloners, only run on one system per license and costs as much as my new SSD, what a RIP THAT IS !!! (no names but you will find them)
I use only one Clone APP now, called Partition Wizard 9.1 or newer.(a direct safe link)
It is free and works perfectly now. (2015)
Fresh Installs of say W7 64bit.
Make up an installer USB memory stick using the ISO from MS.
Then in the BIOS pages, turn off the Secure boot and GPT options.
Run the setup on the USB stick.
Install the OS just like we have since day 1 windows. run Setup.exe , on the CD or the STICK.
Using he K.I.S.S. principles.
Happy trails !
Parting shot, I will never run windoz 10. (not hacked for updates off) AKA: VISTA 10 by tech.'s.
I do not like what they deleted from the OS, DVD support and no media (video) players, and the most important of all , I CAN NOT control, updates,.
I will never allow any OS to stall me doing work of any kind, to load updates automatically, (I do them once a week only , while asleep, dang!)
I refuse to pay for Windows 10 Enterprise, "Current Branch for Business" (CBB) just to have control of updates.
I will use W10 only when I can delay updates by 1 week (while sleeping so I must be able to set the time of day the update happens too) (and shut off the , update torrent feature )
Until I have total control on privacy. LIKE THIS.
and my legacy software runs, (old Autocad, and car OBD2 tests systems, and electronics simulators, CAE, Spice , etc)